Court cases concerning poland

Polish cases at the cjeu

datecase number ( + link)judgement/ordernameAGIntervening
MS / reference by
type of
short summary
and 31/07/2020
C-354/20 PPU C-412/20 PPUECLI:EU:C:2020:1033Openbaar MinisterieECLI:EU:C:2020:925District Court Amsterdampreliminary ruling
10/03/2020C-132/20in progressBM, DM and EN v Getin Noble Bank SA-Civil Chamber of the Supreme Court on the recommendation of the neo-National Council of the Judiciary (NCJ)preliminary rulingThe case concerns unfair contractual terms concerning an indexation mechanism used in a mortgage credit contract linked to a foreign currency (CHF). The question is whether the judges at first and second instance qualify as judges of a court or tribunal within the meaning of Union law.
31/1/2020C-55/20in progressMinisterstwo Sprawiedliwości-Warsaw Disciplinary Court of Bar Associationpreliminary rulingThe Disciplinary Court of the Bar Association in Warsaw asks about the status of the Disciplinary Chamber of the Supreme Court and its understanding of the notion of a court under EU law regarding the Disciplinary Court of the Bar.
8/4/2020C-791/19 RECLI:EU:C:2020:277Commission v Poland-BE, DK, FI, NL, SE support Commissioninterim measuresThe CJEU ordered the immediate suspension of the activities of the “disciplinary chamber” as regards disciplinary cases concerning judges.
25/11/2019C-791/19ECLI:EU:C:2020:277Commission v Poland--infringement procedureLack of independence and impartiality of the “disciplinary chamber” which was established in 2017 and whose own judges, adopted a resolution in April 2019 whereby they held themselves to have been appointed properly
18/10/2019Joined Cases
C-763/19 to C-765/19
ECLI:EU:C:2020:414D.S. (C-763/19) v S.P. and Others,
interested party: Prokurator Regionalny w Krakowie,
C. S.A. w P. (C-764/19) v Administrator in the insolvency of I.T. in O. in
M.Ś. and I.Ś. (C-765/19) v R.B.P. a limited company with its registered
office in W,
-Appeal Courtpreliminary rulingjudicial independence, composition of court and appointment process; art 19(1)TEU; art. 47 Charter
questions withdrawn on 20/2/2020 re status of individuals appointed to SC and status of rulings rendered by these individuals withdrawn following resolution of SC of 23 Jan 2020
15/10/2019Similar cases of
C-748/19 to C-754/19
in progressProkuratura Rejonowa w Mińsku Mazowieckim e.a.
Prokuratura Rejonowa Warszawa - Wola w Warszawie
-Appeal Courtpreliminary rulingComposition of criminal court and appointment process; art 19(1)TEU; art. 47 Ch. Questions include the compatibility with EU law of the way in which a judge from a lower authority has been seconded to a higher authority. And also about the involvement of the Polish Council for the Judiciary in the appointment of judges to the Polish Supreme Court. The judge also wants to know what consequences s/he should draw if there is a breach of EU law on these points.
3/7/2019C-508/19in progressM.F. v J.M.-Appeal Courtpreliminary rulingjudicial independence; the applicant is a judge at first instance. Disciplinary proceedings were instituted against her on 17 January 2019, in which she was accused of allowing the delay in proceedings and of failing to provide written reasons.
26/6/2019C-487/19in progressW.Ż.-Supreme Courtpreliminary rulingis a court composed of a single person who has been appointed to the position of judge in breach of the laws of a Member State applicable to judicial appointments
status of SC chambers (DC + ECPA) which include individuals appointed on basis of prima facie unlawful procedure)
28/12/2018C-824/18in progressA.B. and OthersECLI:EU:C:2020:1053Supreme Administrative Courtpreliminary ruling(selection process of Supreme Court judges; Articles 15(1), 20(1), 47 Ch) reference
retroactive lowering of sup court retirement age, composition of NCJ and effective remedy against NCJ decisions
26/10/2018C-668/18removed from registerBP v UNIPARTS sàrlECLI:EU:C:2019:1093
Supreme Administrative Courtpreliminary rulingreference withdrawn by Polish Supreme Court on 23 October 2019
expedited procedure granted on 11/12/2018, same key issue as in C-522/18 but case closed on 3/12/2019 following withdrawal of PR request
order only in PL and FR available
Prokuratura Rejonowa w Słubicach v BQ-District Courtpreliminary ruling(new disciplinary regime judges) reference Order of 6 October 2020 (ECLI:EU:C:2020:800) manifestly inadmissable
2/10/2020C-619/18ECLI:EU:C:2019:531Commission v PolandECLI:EU:C:2019:325HU intervened in support of POinfringement procedure(effective judicial protection; failure to fulfil art. 19(1) TEU infringement procedure; order interim measures 17.12.2018, ECLI:EU:C:2018:1021; judgment 24.6.2019, ECLI:EU:C:2019:615; HU intervened in support of PO;
judgement: Polish legislation concerning the lowering of retirement age of SC judges is incompatible with principles of irremovability of judges and of judicial independence
Joined cases C-585/18, C-624/18
and C-625/18
ECLI:EU:C:2019:982A. K. and Others v Sąd NajwyższyECLI:EU:C:2019:551Supreme Courtpreliminary ruling(lowering retirement age judges) reference Polish Supreme Court ; PO and LV intervened; judgment 19.11.2019, ECLI:EU:C:2019:982
expedited procedure granted on 26 Nov, AG opinion on 27 june 2019, ECJ ruling on 19/11/19, referring court must ascertain whether new "Disciplinary Chamber! is independent
Joined cases C-563/18
and C-558/18
ECLI:EU:C:2020:234Skarb Państwa — Wojewoda Łódzki (C‑558/18), joined parties:
Prokurator Generalny zastępowany przez Prokuraturę Krajową (initially Prokuratura Regionalna w Łodzi),
Rzecznik Praw Obywatelskich
Prokurator Generalny zastępowany przez Prokuraturę Krajową (initially Prokuratura Okręgowa w Płocku)
v VX, WW,
ECLI:EU:C:2019:775District Courtpreliminary rulingpreliminary reference questioning the new Polish legislation relating to the disciplinary regime for judges, declared inadmissible (no direct link with EU law)
(order only available in FR and PL)
YV v Krajowa Rada Sądownictwa-Supreme Courtpreliminary rulinglowering retirement age judges) reference; withdrawn after letter CJEU pointing to its judgment of 19.11.2019 in C-585/18
main issue was lack of independence of the SC's "disciplinary chamber" but case closed on 3/2/2020 due to ECJ ruling in C-585/18 et al
9/8/2018C-522/18ECLI:EU:C:2020:42DŚ v Zakład Ubezpieczeń Społecznych Oddział w Jaśle-Supreme Courtpreliminary ruling(lowering retirement age judges) reference; BE, DK, LV, NL, PO intervened; closed with extensive order CJEU of 29.1.2020 (ECLI:EU:C:2020:42) after judgment in C-619/1
main issue was retroactive lowering of SC retirement age but case closed on 29 January 2020 due to entry into force of law adopted on 21 nov 2018
independence of ordinary courts
ECJ judgement (5/11/2019): new Polish retirement rules are incompatible i.a. with the principles of irremovability of judges and of judicial independence
28/5/2018C-192/18ECLI:EU:C:2019:924Commission v PolandECLI:EU:C:2019:529-infringement procedurelowering retirement age judges; infringement procedure; judgment 5 November 2019 (ECLI:EU:C:2019:924)
Independence of Ordinary Courts

Polish cases at the European court of human rights